Elizabeth Hooten’s Journeys: Quakers and Toleration in Mass Bay

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In the 17th-century, reconciling civil order and religious zeal was a daunting task. Quaker interventions, transatlantic pressures and official responses shaped the politics of toleration in Massachusetts Bay. Though frameworks for broad-based religious liberty were beginning to circulate, few people in this era were willing to subordinate their religious beliefs to ideas of human rationality. Religious tolerance in the Puritan world was shaped by official response, transatlantic pressures, and Quaker interventions. How did these religious religious dissenters build a strong and lasting civil order?


Adrian Chastain Weimer, PhD is associate professor of history at Providence College. Her first book, Martyrs’ Mirror: Persecution and Holiness in Early New England (2011) explores the influence of John Foxe's Book of Martyrs on colonial imaginations. She has recently published articles in New England Quarterly, William and Mary Quarterly, Early American Literature, and Church History, and is currently writing a book on the Restoration in New England.